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>1. Lampu LED
 

2. Seven Segment

3. LED Dot Matrik

4. LCD Character

5. LCD Gafis ( GLCD ) :

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Jumat, Oktober 15, 2010 in Display

 

Data IC CMOS


>

HEF 4000 Double door NOT – OR at 3 entries + reverser
4001 Quadruple door NOT – OR at 2 entries 
4002 Double door NOT – OR at 4 entries
4006 Register with static shift 18 stages
4007 Double complementary pair + reverser
4008 Adder 4 bits with reserve
4011 Quadruple door NOT – AND
4012 Double door NOT – AND at 4 entries
4013 Double rocker D
4014 Register with shift 8 bits
4015 Double register with shift 4 bits
4016 Quadruple bidirectional switch
4017 Johnson meter on 5 floors
4018 Dividing meter by ‘n’ programmable
4019 Quadruple multiplexer at 2 entries
4020 Binary counter on 14 floors
4021 Register with shift 8 bits
4022 Johnson meter on 4 floors, divider by 8
4023 Triple carries NOT – AND at 3 entries
4024 Binary counter on 7 floors
4025 Triple carries NOT – OR at 3 entries
4027 Double rocker J – K
4028 Decoder BCD – decimal (1 among 10)
4029 Meter / synchronous, binary/decimal discounting machine
4030 Quadruple EXCLUSIVE-OR door
4031 Register with shift 64 bits
4035 Register with universal shift 4 bits
4040 Binary counter on 12 floors
4041 Quadruple door of power with complementary exit
4042 Quadruple rocker D with locking
4043 Quadruple rocker NOT – OR – R / S with locking (left 3 states)
4044 Quadruple rocker NOT – AND – R / S with locking (left 3 states)
4046 Buckle with controlled phase (PLL)
4047 Monostable
4049 Sixfold door of power (reverser)
4050 Sixfold door of power (not – reverser)
4051 Analogical multiplexer/demultiplexer with 8 channels
4052 Double multiplexer/analogical demultiplexer with 4 channels
4053 Triple analogical multiplexer/demultiplexer with 2 channels
4054 Driver for bill-poster 4 segments LCD
4056 Decoder BCD for bill-poster 7 segments LCD
4060 A meter-divider 14 stages with oscillator
4066 Quadruple bidirectional switch
4067 Multiplexer 16 – 1
4068 Carry NOT – AND at 8 entries
4069 Sixfold reverser
4070 Quadruple EXCLUSIVE-OR door
4071 Quadruple door OR at 2 entries
4072 Double door OR at 4 entries
4073 Triple carries AND at 3 entries
4075 Triple carries OR at 3 entries
4078 Carry NOT – OR at 8 entries
4081 Quadruple door AND at 2 entries
4082 Double door AND at 4 entries
4085 Double door AND / OR – NOT to 2 x 2 entries
4086 Door AND / OR – NOT to 4 x 2 entries
4093 Quadruple trigger of Schmitt NAND at 2 entries
4098 Double monostable redéclenchable
4104 Quadruple translator of tension at exit 3 states
4510 Meter / discounting machine BCD
4511 Decoder / driver 7 segments
4514 Decoder / demultiplexer 1 among 16, with register of entry (high exit)
4515 Decoder / demultiplexer 1 among 16, with register of entry (low exit)
4516 Binary meter / discounting machine
4518 Double decimal scaler
4519 Quadruple multiplexer at 2 entries
4520 Double binary counter
4528 Double monostable redéclenchable
4539 Double multiplexer at 4 entries
4555 Double decoder / demultiplexer 1 among 4 (high exit)
4556 Double decoder/demultiplexer 1 among 4 (low exit)
4720 Read-write memory 256 bits (256 x 1)
4721 Read-write memory 1024 bits (256 x 4)
4724 Addressable register 8 bits with locking
4736 Read-write memory 1 024 (1 024 x 1)
40097 Sixfold door of power, exit 3 states (not reverser)
40098 Sixfold door of power, exit 3 states (reverser)
40106 Six triggers of Schmitt reversers
40174 Sixfold rocker D
40175 Quadruple rocker D
40192 Meter / synchronous discounting machine 4 bits decimal
40193 Binary meter / synchronous discounting machine 4 bits
40194 Register with bidirectional universal shift 4 bits
40195 Register with universal shift 4 bits
HIGH OF PAGE1. 4. – STITCHING OF THE CIRCUITS OF LOGIC : FAMILYCMOS
4000.GIF4001.GIF
4002.GIF4006.GIF
4007.GIF4008.GIF
4011.GIF4012.GIF
4013.GIF4014.GIF
4015.GIF4016_4066.GIF
4017.GIF4018.GIF
4019.GIF4020.GIF
4021.GIF4022.GIF
4023.GIF4024.GIF
4025.GIF4027.GIF
4028.GIF4029.GIF
4030_4070.GIF4031.GIF
4035.GIF4040.GIF
4041.GIF4042.GIF
4043.GIF4044.GIF
4046.GIF4047.GIF
4049.GIF4050.GIF
4051.GIF4052.GIF
4053.GIF4054.GIF
4056.GIF4060.GIF
4067.GIF
4068.GIF4069.GIF
4071.GIF4072.GIF
4073.GIF4075.GIF
4078.GIF4081.GIF
4082.GIF4093.GIF
4098_4528.GIF40106.GIF
4511.GIF4518_4520.GIF
 
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Ditulis oleh pada Jumat, Oktober 15, 2010 in Digital

 

Data IC TTL


>Dalam “buku Data IC TTL” sinopsis apa artinya dalam katalog Prancis, akan di lampikan jenis jenis IC serta Layout IC TTL ( Transistor Transistor Logic )


Rangkaian yang ditemui di Industri :

Teknologi bipolar dan MOS sampai sekarang digunakan dalam sirkuit industri.Bahwa untuk pemeliharaan atau realisasi, adalah penting untuk mengetahui bukan teknologi saja, tetapi juga persediaan dari sirkuit dengan fungsi mereka.Setiap produsen menggunakan kode yang mencetak pada kasus-kasus untuk dapat mengidentifikasi mereka. Masih kode ini harus diketahui.Ini adalah peran tokoh 1 dan 2 yang memberikan arti dari kode nama dari TTL sirkuit logis dan C-MOS.

Dua paragraf yang mengikuti masing-masing memberikan fungsi dan jahitan sirkuit logis TTL (bipolar), sedangkan dua terakhir mengejar tujuan yang sama tetapi dalam teknologi C. MOS.

To know certain stitchings ortheir connections of the integrated circuits, it is enough to pass your pointeron the bonds hereafter:
7400 N Quadruple door NOT – AND at 2 entries
7401 N Quadruple door NOT – AND at 2 entries with open collector
7402 N Quadruple door NOT – OR at 2 entries
7403 N Quadruple door NOT – AND at 2 entries with open collector
7404 N 6 reversers
7405 N 6 reversers with open collector
7406 N 6 stages of attack reverser to open collector for 40 my
7407 N 6 stages of attack to open collector for 40 my
7408 N Quadruple door AND at 2 entries
7409 N Quadruple door AND at 2 entries with open collector
7410 N Triple carries NOT – AND at 3 entries
7411 N Triple carries AND to 3 entry
7412 N Triple carries NOT – AND at 3 entries with open collector 
7413 N Double door NOT – AND at 4 entries
7414 N 6 reversers trigger
7416 N 6 reversers of powers to open collector
7417 N 6 stages of attack to open collector for 40 my
7420 N Double door NOT – AND at 4 entries
7422 N Double door NOT – AND at 4 entries with open collector
7423 N Double door NOT – OR at 4 entries expansible and strobe
7425 N Double door NOT – OR at 4 entries and strobe
7426 N Quadruple door NOT – AND with 2 entries – High voltage
7427 N Triple carries NOT – OR at 3 entries
7428 N Quadruple NOR door at 2 entries
7430 N Carry NOT – AND at 8 entries
7432 N Quadruple door OR at 2 entries
7437 N Quadruple door NOT – AND of power at 2 entries
7438 N Quadruple door NOT – AND of power at 2 entries and open collector
7440 N Double door NOT – AND of power at 4 entries
7442 N Decimal decoder BCD
7443 N Decoder excesses of 3 – decimal
7444 N Decoder excesses of 3 Gray – decimal
7445 N Decimal decoder BCD with open collector for 80 my and 30 V or 15 V
7446 AN Decoder BCD 7 segments with open collector with 30 V/20 my
7447 AN Decoder BCD 7 segments with open collector with 30 V/20 my
7448 N Decoder BCD 7 segments
7450 N Double door AND/OR – NOT to 2 X 2 entries
7451 N Double door reverser AND/OR – NOT to 2 X 2 entries
7453 N Carry reverser AND/OR – NOT to 4 X 2 entries expansible
7454 N Carry reverser AND/OR – NOT to 4 X 2 entries
7460 N Double door of multiplication at 4 entries
7470 N Flip-flop JK to 2 X 3 entries
7472 N Main flip-flop slave with 2 X 3 entries
7473 N Main flip-flop slave with entry reset
7474 N Double Flip-flop D synchronous
7475 N Quadruple Flip-flop D asynchronous
7476 N Double main Flip-flop JK slave with entries set and reset
7480 N Full adder with 1 bit
7481 N Memory with 16 bits writing/reading
7482 N Full adder with 2 bits
7483 AN Full adder with 4 bits
7484 AN Memory with 16 bits writing/reading at 2 entries of writing and reading
7485 N Binary comparator with 4 bits
7486 N Quadruple door OR Exclusive
7489 N Memory with 64 bits writing/reading with open collector
7490 AN Decimal scaler
7491 AN Register with shift with 8 bits series
7492 N Divider by 12
7493 N Binary counter
7494 N Register with shift 4 bits at parallel entry
7495 AN Register with shift 4 bits entered and 4 parallel ports 
7496 N Register with parallel shift 5 bits
7497 N Divider of synchronous binary frequency programmable 6 bits
74100 N Octo-Flip-failure D
74107 N Double main Flip-flop JK slave with entry reset
74110 N Main flip-flop JK slave with blocking of entry
74111 N Double main Flip-flop JK slave with blocking of entry
74118 N Sixfold Flip-flop RS at common entry of reset
74120 N Double synchronization of impulses
74121 N Monostable
74122 N Monostable redéclenchable at entry reset
74123 N Double monostable redéclenchable at entry reset
74125 N 4 doors YES at exits 3 states
74132 N Quadruple Trigger de Schmitt NOT – AND at 2 entries
74141 AN Decimal decoder BCD for tubes of posting
74142 N Decimal scaler and ordering of NIXIE
74145 N Decimal decoder BCD with open collector for 80 my and 30 V or 15 V
74148 N 8 To 3 Line Priority Encoder
74150 N Selector of data 16 bits/multiplexer
74151 N Selector of data 8 bits/multiplexer
74153 N Double selector of data 4 bits/multiplexer
74154 N Binary decoder 4 bits/demultiplexer
74155 N Double binary decoder 2 bits/demultiplexer
74156 N Double binary decoder 2 bits/demultiplexer
74157 N Quadruple selector of information 2 bits/multiplexer
74160 N Synchronous decimal scaler at entry of set and reset
74161 N Synchronous decimal scaler at entry of set and reset
74162 N Synchronous binary counter 4 bits at entry of set and reset
74163 N Synchronous binary counter 4 bits at entry of set and reset
74164 N Register with shift 8 bits at parallel port
74165 N Register shift 8 bits at parallel entry
74166 N Register with synchronous shift 8 bits at parallel entry
74167 N Divider of frequencies, decimal
74170 N Memory with 16 bits writing/reading with words to 4 bits
74174 N Sixfold Flip-flop D at entry of reset
74175 N Quadruple Flip-flop D synchronous
74180 N Parity check 8 bits
74181 N Arithmetic logical unit 4 bits
74184 N Binary converter BCD 6 bits
74185 AN Binary converter BCD 6 bits
74190 N Reversible decimal scaler for synchronous counting chain
74191 N Reversible binary counter for synchronous counting chain
74192 N Meter decimal discounting machine with set and reset
74193 N Binary meter discounting machine with set and reset
74194 N Register with synchronous 4 bits right-hand side/left parallel shift
74195 N Register with synchronous shift parallel 4 bits with entry JK
74196 N Decimal scaler 50 MHz with entry of set and reset
74197 N Binary counter 50 MHz with entry of set and reset
74198 N Register with synchronous shift 8 bits at entry and port parallel
74199 N Register with synchronous shift 8 bits parallel at entry JK
74LS241 Driver of bus not reverser
74LS242 Quad drunk transceiver inverting
74LS243 4 transcoders not reverser 3 states
81LS95 74795 : Octal Buffer with Three-State Outputs (74LS795 is equivalent to 81LS95)
81LS97 74797 : Octal Buffer with Three-State Outputs (74LS797 is equivalent to 81LS97)

7400_7403_7437.GIF7401.GIF
7404_7405_7406_7416.GIF7407.GIF
7402.GIF7408_7409.GIF
7410_7412.GIF7411.GIF
7413.GIF7414.GIF
7420_7440.GIF7432.GIF
7417.GIF7422.GIF
7445.GIF7447.GIF
7430.GIF7470.GIF
7472.GIF7473.GIF
7474.GIF7475.GIF
7476.GIF7482.GIF
7486.GIF7489.GIF
7490.GIF7492.GIF
7493.GIF7495.GIF
74121.GIF74122.GIF
74123.GIF74125.GIF
74132.GIF74141.GIF
74148.GIF74164.GIF
74174.GIF74190.GIF
74191.GIF74192.GIF
74LS241.GIF74LS242.GIF
74LS243.GIF81LS95.GIF
81LS97.GIF74C85.GIF
74C175.GIF74C163.GIF

 

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Jumat, Oktober 15, 2010 in Digital

 

Flip-flop D


>

Nama  flip-flop  ini  berasal  dari  Delay.  Flip-flop  ini  mempunyai  hanya  satu  masukan,  yaitu D.  Jenis  flip-flop  ini  sangat banyak dipakai  sebagai  sel memori dalam  komputer.  Pada  umumnya  flip-flop  ini  dilengkapi masukan  penabuh  se-perti  ditunjukkan  pada  Gambar  6.10.  Keluaran  flip-flop  D  akan  mengikuti apapun keadaan D pada saat penabuh aktif, yaitu: Q+ = D. Perubahan itu terjadi hanya  apabila  sinyal  penabuh  dibuat  berlogika  1  (CP=1)  dan  tentunya  akan terjadi sesudah selang waktu tertentu, yaitu selama tundaan waktu pada flip-flop  itu.  Bila masukan D  berubah  selagi  CP  =  0, maka Q  tidak  akan  terpengaruh.  Keadaan Q selama CP= 0 adalah keadaan masukan D tepat sebelum CP berubah menjadi  0. Dikatakan  keadaan  keluaran Q  dipalang  (latched)  pada  keadaan D saat perubahan CP dari aktif ke tak-aktif.
Dapat dilihat bahwa sebenarnya flip-flop D berfungsi seperti apa yang dilakukan oleh  flip-flop JK bila masukan masukan K dihubungkan dengan komplemen masukan J.
 
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Ditulis oleh pada Jumat, Oktober 15, 2010 in Digital

 

Flip-flop T


>

Nama  flip-flop T diambil dari sifatnya yang selalu berubah keadaan setiap ada sinyal  pemicu  (trigger) pada masukannya. Input T merupakan satu-satunya masukan  yang  ada  pada  flip-flop  jenis  ini  sedangkan  keluarannya  tetap  dua,seperti semua flip-flop pada umumnya. Kalau keadaan keluaran flip-flop 0, maka setelah adanya sinyal pemicu keadaan-berikut menjadi 1 dan bila keadaannya 1, maka  setelah adanya pemicuan keadaannya berubah menjadi 0. Karena sifat  ini sering  juga  flip-flop  ini  disebut  sebagai  flip-flop  toggle  (berasal  dari  skalar toggle/pasak). Flip-flop  T  dapat  disusun  dari  satu  flip-flop  RS  dan  dua  gerbang  AND 
 
 

 
Perhatikan  bahwa  keluaran  Q  di-AND-kan  dengan  masukan  T  untuk  menghasilkan sinyal R dan keluaran Q di-AND-kan dengan T untuk menghasil- kan  sinyal  S  untuk  flip-flop  RS.  Dalam  Gambar  diatas  juga  ditunjukkan  tabel  kebenaran keadaan-berikut atau  tabel karakteristik. Dari  tabel tersebut diperoleh  persamaan karakteristik: 

T = 0 dalam tabel keadaan-berikut pada Gambar di atas berarti tidak ada pulsa  pemicu. Umumnya,  flip-flop T  peka  hanya  terhadap  satu  jenis perubahan pulsa apakah  perubahan  dari  0  ke  1,  disebut  sebagai  sisi  depan/naik  (leading/rising edge)  pulsa  masukan,  atau  perubahan  dari  1  ke  0,  disebut  sebagai  sisi ikutan/turun  (trailing/falling  edge)  pulsa masukan.  Jenis  perubahan  pulsa  naik disebut  juga  sebagai  pulsa  positif  dan  perubahan  pulsa  turun  disebut  sebagai pulsa negatif.

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Kamis, Oktober 14, 2010 in Digital

 

Flip Flop RS


>

Flip-flop merupakan suatu memori dengan kapasitas 1 bit. Selama catu daya-nya terpasang maka memorinya akan bertahan. Dalam penerapannya, memori yang terkandung dalam flip-flop dapat diubah dengan memberikan clock pada masukannya. Flip-flop disusun dari rangkaian dasar yang berupa latch yaitu latch SR. Latch jenis ini dapat dibentuk dari gerbang NAND dan gerbang NOR, seperti yang diperlihatkan pada Gambar 1 dan 2.


1. Flip Flop RS yang dibangun dari gerbang NAND


Sedangkan tabel kebenarannya adalah seperti pada Tabel 1.
Tabel 1. Tabel kebenaran SR latch NAND



2. Flip Flop RS yang dibangun dari gerbang NOR



Tabel 2. Tabel kebenaran SR latch NOR 
  
Dari kedua rangkaian ini anda mati perbedaannya terutama pada tabel kebenaran
 
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Ditulis oleh pada Kamis, Oktober 14, 2010 in Digital

 

mysql_num_rows


>

(PHP 4, PHP 5)
mysql_fetch_rowGet a result row as an enumerated array

Description

array mysql_fetch_row ( resource $result )
Returns a numerical array that corresponds to the fetched row and moves the internal data pointer ahead.

Parameters

result
The result resource that is being evaluated. This result comes from a call to mysql_query().

Return Values

Returns an numerical array of strings that corresponds to the fetched row, or FALSE if there are no more rows.
mysql_fetch_row() fetches one row of data from the result associated with the specified result identifier. The row is returned as an array. Each result column is stored in an array offset, starting at offset 0.

Examples

Example #1 Fetching one row with mysql_fetch_row()
<?php
$result 
mysql_query("SELECT id,email FROM people WHERE id = '42'");
if (!
$result) {
    echo 
'Could not run query: ' mysql_error();
    exit;
}
$row mysql_fetch_row($result);

echo $row[0]; // 42echo $row[1]; // the email value?>


Notes

Note: This function sets NULL fields to the PHP NULL value.


See Also

mysql_field_flags> <mysql_fetch_object

Last updated: Fri, 08 Oct 2010
 
add a note add a note User Contributed Notes
mysql_fetch_row
jhulbert at redf dot com
19-Feb-2010 09:32
Creates table from all db info:

<?php
$qry
= "SELECT * FROM exp_member_data";
$res = mysql_query($mem_qry);

function mysql_fetch_all($res) {
   while(
$row=mysql_fetch_array($res)) {
      
$return[] = $row;
   }
   return
$return;
}

function create_table($dataArr) {
    echo
"<tr>";
    for(
$j = 0; $j < count($dataArr); $j++) {
        echo
"<td>".$dataArr[$j]."</td>";
    }
    echo
"</tr>";
}

$all = mysql_fetch_all($res);

echo "<table class='data_table'>";

for($i = 0; $i < count($all); $i++) {
   
create_table($all[$i]);
}

echo "</table>";

?>

larkitetto at gmail dot com
21-Feb-2008 11:29
sry :) note now fixed:

<?php
$esi
=mysql_list_tables($db);$ris=mysql_fetch_row($esi);
//example: $db has >= 1 tabs
echo var_dump($ris);
//echoes only array(1). solution:
while($ris=mysql_fetch_row($esi)) echo $ris[0];
/*debug:
$ris=array("1st_tab"); ... $ris=array("n_tab");$ris=false;*/
while ($ris[]=mysql_fetch_row($esi));
//debug:$ris=array(array("1st_tab"), ... array("n_tab"));
echo $ris[n][0];//echo:"n_tab"
echo $ris[0][n];//echo:array | null
?>

hope it helps

ryhan_balboa at yahoo dot com
16-Nov-2007 05:23
The following are the basic codes to get a specific row from the mysql db into a $row variable:

$query = "SELECT * FROM table";
$result = mysql_query($query);
$row = mysql_fetch_row($result);

And $row[0], $row[1] ... $row[n] are used to access those field values.

Does anyone know how I can add a new field to $row, so that the field count increases from n to n+1?

I have tried treating $row like an array, and tried array_push function, but didn't work.

Thanks.

m dot s at programmers-online dot net
17-Nov-2005 09:56
The following function to read all data out of a mysql-resultset, is may be faster than Rafaels solution:

<?
function mysql_fetch_all($result) {
   while($row=mysql_fetch_array($result)) {
       $return[] = $row;
   }
   return $return;
}
?>

mysql at polyzing dot com
12-Jul-2003 10:05
It is probably worth pointing out that the array elements will actually be of type string, OR NULL if the field is null in the database.

Thus, either use a double equal comparison to look for empty or null

Or, use a triple equal comparison to be able to distinguish the two cases

e.g.

if ($field === '') echo "Empty, not NULL\n";

if ($field === NULL) echo "NULL\n";

if ($field == '') echo "Empty or NULL\n";

michael and then an at sign wassupy.com
08-Apr-2003 07:09
to print an array, simply use print_r(array name)

like this:
    $myrow = mysql_fetch_row($result);
echo "<pre>";
print_r($myrow);
echo "</pre>";

this will output the array in a readable form, with the index, too. Don't forget the 'pre' tags or the output will be on a single line.

a at simongrant dot org
06-Feb-2002 01:10
Maybe worth pointing out that all the fields returned by this (and other?) calls are returned with type string. This had me puzzled for quite some time.
 
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Ditulis oleh pada Sabtu, Oktober 9, 2010 in Komputer

 
 
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